Complete post:




“Ils auront fort à faire pour rembourser leurs dettes.…”

“They will have much to do to repay their debts…”

In our lessons, we have met the verb devoir (= to have to) many times over. Falloir (= to be necessary) often accomplishes a similar task, to convey what must be done, what is necessary, etc.

But there is a third possibility when discussing what we have to do. The key expression is avoir à faire, that is, to haveto do.

In our headline above, we have an example of this expression at work. In this case, the verb avoir is in the future – auront. Let's consider some other examples:

  • Ce coureur aura fort à faire pour rattraper son retard.
    = This runner/racer/cyclist will have much to do to catch up. (Literally, 'to make up [for] his delay')
  • Les Bleus auront fort à faire pour battre les All-Blacks.
    = The Blues will have a lot to do to beat the All Blacks.
  • Vous aurez à faire le choix d'un cours adapté à votre profil.
    = You will have to choose a course adapted to your profile.


Mais, attention! Don't confuse the expression above with the expression avoir affaire à (= to be dealing with, to be in discusssions with, etc)

  • À la banque, j'ai affaire avec Monsieur Martin, mon conseiller.
    = At the bank, I am dealing with Mr Martin, my advisor.
  • Si vous faites du bruit la nuit, vous aurez affaire à moi!
    = If you make noise during the night, you'll have me to deal with!
  • Le suspect est un récidiviste qui a déjà eu affaire à la justice.
    = The suspect is a repeat offender who has already had dealings with the authorities.

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